Prince of Wales Bridge

The Prince of Wales Bridge is located in the south of England. It crosses the Severn River and connects South West England and South East Wales. It was called Second Severn Crossing Bridge before 2018.

The bridge length is 3.2 mi (5.1 km), and the bridge length over the Severn River is 2.8 mi (4.6 km). It was built in 1992 and opened on June 5, 1996. It cost 330 million pounds (US $440 million).

The bridge was built to ease the traffic pressure on the Severn Bridge built in 1966. The bridge is managed by British highways.

Second Severn Crossing Bridge and the Severn Bridge in the distance
Second Severn Crossing Bridge and the Severn Bridge in the distance

History

Birth background

  • 1966: The first Severn Bridge is opened, it is a 4-lane suspension bridge.
  • In 1984, the traffic on the first Severn Bridge doubled, and it is expected that by the mid-1990s, the old bridge will operate at full capacity.
  • 1986: Experts recommend building a new bridge downstream of the existing bridge.
  • 1988: It was announced that private consortia would be invited to tender to fund, build and operate the bridge within a specific period.
  • 1989: Bidding for the second bridge project began.
  • 1990: Severn River Crossing plc obtained a concession to build a bridge.
Overview Prince of Wales Bridge
Overview Prince of Wales Bridge

Construction process

  • April 26, 1992: Construction of the Second Severn Crossing Bridge began.
  • Summer 1994: The bridge deck launcher fell on the Gwent viaduct, causing the 200-ton bridge deck unit to fall onto the deck below. Although this delayed the project by ten weeks, the builders still completed the bridge as scheduled two years later.
  • June 5, 1996: The Prince of Wales opened the Second Severn Crossing Bridge.
  • 2018: The bridge was renamed Prince of Wales Bridge.
  • December 2018: Both Severn River bridges are free to pass because the tolls are cancelled.
Prince of Wales Bridge
Prince of Wales Bridge

Building technical parameters

The length of the bridge is 3.2 mi (5.1 km), and the bridge length over the Severn River is 2.8 mi (4.6 km).

The bridge deck is 114 ft (34.6 m) wide and has 6 lanes. A 10 ft (3 m) baffle is installed on the side of the bridge to reduce the lateral wind load from the mouth of the Severn River to traffic.

It is mainly composed of 2 parts: Shoots cable-stayed bridge and 2 side approach bridges.

Driving on Second Severn Crossing Bridge
Driving on Second Severn Crossing Bridge

Shoots bridge

The Shoots Bridge is the cable-stayed part of the bridge. It has the longest span of the bridge at 1496 ft (456 m). The height of the pylon of the cable-stayed bridge is 449 ft (137 m), the clearance under the bridge is 121 ft (37 m), and it can pass freighters.

2 side approach bridge

The approach bridge on the English side consists of 25 spans and is 6900 ft (2103 m) long.

The approach length of the Welsh side bridge is 6814 ft (2077 m) and it consists of 24 spans.

Prince of Wales Bridge Night view
Prince of Wales Bridge Night view

Prince of Wales Bridge Data

Country
England
Region
North Europe
Status
In use
Official name
Prince of Wales Bridge
Other name
Second Severn Crossing Bridge
Location
Between South West England and South East Wales
Operator
Highways England
Cost
330 million pounds (US $440 million )
Began
Apr-26, 1992
Opened
Jun-05, 1996
Total length
3.2 mi ( 5.1 km )
Tall (tower)
449 ft ( 137 m )
Length over water
2.8 mi ( 4.6 km )
Width
114 ft ( 34.6 m )
Deck height
121 ft ( 37 m )
Longest span
1496 ft ( 456 m )
Design type
Central span: Cable-stayed bridge Approach viaducts: Segmental bridge
Toll
Free
Road scale
6 lanes
Crosses
Severn River

Prince of Wales Bridge Location On Earth

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REVIEW OVERVIEW
Scale ( only within the industry of this building / engineering )
6.2
Technology ( only within the industry of this building / engineering )
6.2
Cost ( only within the industry of this building / engineering )
6.2
Era-1992 ( The earlier the era, the higher the score,respect the older generation of engineering )
7.2

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